Right to know rights- Upon admission for care, patients have a right to receive a copy of an organization’s patient’s bill of rights and responsibilities.
Right to explanation of patient rights- Patients have a right to receive an explanation of their rights and responsibilities. An organization’s description of patient rights and responsibilities should be viewed as a document with legal significance whether or not the state in question has adopted a similar code.
Right to participate in care decisions- They have a right to know their treatment options and to accept or refuse care.
Right to Informed consent.
Right to ask questions and seek second opinion.
Right to refuse treatment- While patients have a right to refuse treatment, the duties of the health care organization/medical practitioner is - To explain the consequences such a decision could have on his or her health - Balance the risks and benefits of not treating the patient - Keep in mind statutes and laws of the land according to which preservation of life overrides the patient’s wish.
Right to designate a decision maker - When the patient becomes Incapacitated or is unable to make decisions on his or her behalf.
Right to privacy and confidentiality- The issues of privacy and confidentiality are both ethical and legal. Caregivers must safeguard each patient’s right of privacy and right to have information pertaining to his or her care to be kept confidential. Written permission must be obtained before a patient’s medical record can be made available to anyone who associated with the patient’s care. There are certain situations where a health care provider may disclose information is disclosed about the patient to - Other providers of health care taking part in treatment - Third party payers - Law enforcement agencies - Avert serious threat to public health or safety - Military command authorities - Worker’s compensation or similar programs - Subpoena for a legal proceeding - A coroner or medical examiner for the purpose of identification - Enable health care operations.
Right to know restrictions of rights- such as restrictions on a patient’s visitors, movement, food, communication modes etc.
Right to have special needs addressed – such as right to have an interpreter, special help in case of physical or mental disability.
Right to have emergency care – without discrimination by reason of race, creed, color, sex, religion or national origin. Discrimination in some states can be considered a misdemeanor and may also carry civil penalty.
Right to discharge – and not to be detained in a health care setting merely because of an inability to pay for services rendered. An unauthorized detention of this nature amount to the intentional tort of false imprisonment. Although patients have a right not to held against their will, there are circumstances where reasonable detainment can be justified such as - Keeping in mind statutes and laws of the land according to which preservation of life and protection of other citizen’s safety overrides the patient’s wish to discharge against medical advice for example an alcoholic or a drug addict in a rehabilitation center - Minor’s release can be done only to a parent or authorized guardian.
Right to transfer – to an appropriate facility when the admitting facility is not able to meet a patient’s particular needs. It is important for each organization to execute transfer agreements with other health care organizations.
Right to access medical records – except when access to the same can cause substantial and identifiable harm to the patient (patient in psychiatric hospital, institutions for the mentally disabled, alcohol and drug dependant programs).
Right to know of third – party care relationships – such as with educational institutions, insurers and other health care givers.
Right to know about caregivers – name, qualifications and positions of the care givers who will be in charge of their care in the hospital.
Right to sensitive and compassionate care.
Right to timely response to care needs.
Right to pain management – Pain management is a process whereby caregivers work with the patient to develop a pain control treatment plan.
Provide information to caregivers of their medical problems, treatment taken, allergies to medications etc. Information must be accurate, timely and accurate.
Ask questions if they do not understand what the caregiver is describing about how best to manage their problem.
Report their problem to the caregiver.
Discuss treatment options with the caregiver – benefits and risks of treatment and risks if the treatment suggested is not taken.
Accepting responsibility for the consequences of refusing treatment or not following instructions.
Work with health care providers to develop a treatment plan for their aliment.
Follow institution’s rules and regulations.
Adhere to the treatment plan.
Ask caregivers about the side effects of proposed treatments.
Maintain a record of all prescriptions, investigations, bills etc.
Report unexpected changes in condition to caregivers.
Refrain from self – administration of medicines not prescribed by the physician.
Being considerate of the rights others – health care personnel and fellow patients.